Biodiversity, Conservation, Deforestation, Drivers Of Deforestation, Endangered Species, Fires, Forest Fires, Forestry, Forests, Haze, Oil Palm, Palm Oil, Plantations, Pulp And Paper, Rainforest Animals, Rainforest Deforestation, Rainforest Destruction, Rainforests, Slash-and-burn, Southeast Asia Haze, Tropical Forests, Zero Deforestation Commitments Banner image: A baby orangutan. Orangutans are listed as Critically Endangered and on the brink of extinction as their habitats are destroyed by expansion of industrial plantations in Borneo. Image by Rhett A. Butler/Mongabay. A nearly two-decade study of land-cover change in Borneo has identified a positive correlation between the loss of forests and the expansion of plantations, primarily for oil palms.The findings undermine the long-held position of industry and government representatives that plantation expansion doesn’t contribute to deforestation and that it makes use of already cleared land.The study also highlighted a slowdown in rates of both deforestation and plantation expansion, which the researchers attributed to declining process of crude palm oil, more stringent regulations on forest clearing, and wetter weather in 2017.While the expansion of plantations hit a new low in 2017, activists say the possible illegal clearing of peat forests continues unabated in Indonesian Borneo, despite repeated calls to the government for action. JAKARTA — A slowdown in both the expansion of industrial plantations and forest loss across Borneo in 2017 provides strong evidence of a correlation between the two.The findings are laid out in a new study by scientists at the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), who used time-series satellite images to quantify forest loss, industrial plantation expansion and their overlap each year from 2000 to 2017 in Borneo. The island, home to half of the world’s oil palm plantations, is shared by Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei, but the study omitted the latter because of its negligible area of industrial plantations.The area of forest lost in the region studied amounted to 2,500 square kilometers (970 square miles) in 2017 — a sharp decline from the 2016 peak of 6,100 square kilometers (2,360 square miles).Also in 2017, industrial plantations expanded by 1,100 square kilometers (425 square miles) in Indonesian Borneo, also known as Kalimantan, and by 500 square kilometers (190 square miles) in Malaysian Borneo. These figures were markedly down from highs of 7,000 square kilometers (2,700 square miles) in Kalimantan in 2009, and 6,000 square kilometers (2,320 square miles) in Malaysian Borneo in 2012.CIFOR’s estimate of the total area of old-growth forest lost in Kalimantan and Malaysian Borneo from 2000 to 2017 is 60,400 square kilometers (23,320 square miles). The figure is strikingly close to the 62,000 square kilometers (23,940 square miles) of total industrial plantations in the region as of 2017, 88 percent of which are dedicated to oil palms.Timelapse of Borneo deforestation 2000-2017. Green to white= forest loss, green to black= forest cleared and converted to plantations in the same year, green to blue= forest permanently flooded by hydropower dams. Image by David Gaveau/CIFOR.Positive correlation“Every year since 2000 until 2017, we measured total forest loss, how much plantation area was added, and how much forest was cleared and converted to plantations in the same year,” CIFOR researcher and study lead author David Gaveau said. “This allows us to determine how much forest is being cleared by plantation companies.”The linked rise and fall in the rates of deforestation and plantation expansion point to a strong pattern, Gaveau said. “[M]any companies have stopped expanding the size of their plantations, and therefore they have been clearing and converting less and less forest since 2013 until 2017,” he said.Douglas Sheil of the Norwegian University of Life Sciences, one of the study’s co-authors, said it was clear that “not all plantation developments caused conversion of forests to plantations,” because some of the plantations were established on areas that had already been cleared.This is an argument that various industry and government representatives have seized on to insist that the growth of plantations doesn’t contribute to deforestation, and to claim that expanding plantations is a reasonable use of already deforested land.However, the study found a positive correlation between industrial plantation expansion and forest loss in Borneo.About half of the old-growth forests that were cleared were ultimately converted to industrial plantations. The overwhelming majority of these, 92 percent, were converted within a year of being cleared, according to the study.“Expansion of industrial plantations has directly contributed to forest loss throughout the study period as seen in the areas of forest cleared and converted within the same year,” the study says.This correlation is particularly marked in Malaysian Borneo, where 58 percent of total deforestation since 2000 resulted in plantations within a year, compared to 38 percent in Kalimantan.“Because a time lag of less than one year between forest loss and plantation establishment is short, a company must have razed the forest before planting,” Gaveau said.Rainforest in Indonesian Borneo. Photo by Rhett A. ButlerFactors for slowdownThe study’s authors cited various factors for the recent slowdown in plantation expansion and deforestation, including a persistent decline in crude palm oil (CPO) prices.“The strong correlation between CPO prices and plantation expansion indicates that declining CPO prices since 2011 are the likely major cause behind declining expansion of plantations and associated conversion to plantations deforestation,” Gaveau said.He added that they could not rule out possible impacts from Indonesian initiatives to regulate expansion of plantations into forests. These include a moratorium on clearing peatlands, fire prevention measures, and no-deforestation commitments made by plantation companies and their clients.The study also noted that 2017 was a non-El Niño year, resulting in wetter conditions with fewer fires — a major cause of forest loss in 2015 and 2016.All these factors combined to contribute to the decline in forest loss in 2017.But the researchers say there’s still much to be done to ensure the remaining forests in Borneo are protected from the expansion of industrial plantations.“Fires and industrial plantations continue to cause deforestation, and we see no sign that plantation developments are seeking to avoid forest conversions,” the study says.Safrudin Mahendra, executive director of the NGO Save Our Borneo (SOB), welcomed the findings of slowing deforestation and plantation expansion rates, but said they shouldn’t be seen as a sign that plantation companies were committed to reining in their operations.“It’s not because the companies are getting less ambitious about clearing forests,” he said. “It’s because the available land in Borneo is getting scarcer.”Gaveau said scarcity of land and workers, as well as investments shifting to other regions, including Indonesia’s easternmost province of Papua, might also have played a role in the slowing of plantation expansion in Borneo.However, he discounted a theory that companies didn’t need to clear as much land in 2017 after devastating fires in 2015 razed huge swaths of primary and peat forest. He said there was no correlation between the two, and the slowdown in plantation expansion began after 2012, well before the 2015 fires.Gaveau added that while the land cleared by those fires might potentially be converted into plantations in the future, the research hadn’t found an increase in plantation expansion on such already-cleared lands in 2016 and in 2017. “Instead, we continue to find a steady downward trend in 2016 and in 2017,” he said.Peatland deforestation to make way for a palm oil plantation in Central Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Photo credit: Glenn Hurowtiz.Case studyA recent case of peat forest being cleared for a palm oil plantation has been reported by activists in Indonesia’s Central Kalimantan province.Safrudin from the SOB said locals had complained of fires in a peat swamp in the district of West Kotawaringin last year. Activists surveying the site last October reported seeing heavy equipment being used to clear the area. They reported their findings to the authorities, including the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, the presidentially appointed Peatland Restoration Agency (BRG), and the provincial government and police department.Only the BRG responded, Safrudin said. The agency sent investigators to the field with the SOB activists, where they found an extensive network of canals had been dug to drain the peat swamp.The BRG officials also found an orangutan nest in the area, which the province’s conservation agency has identified as a habitat for the critically endangered Borneo orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus). Upon further checking, the BRG and the activists found no evidence that the Ministry of Environment and Forestry had issued a permit allowing the forest in question to be converted for a plantation.Safrudin said he suspected that the company behind the clearing had employed local farmers to do the grunt work. “Once the peat clearing was discovered, the company could easily use that to apply for a forest conversion permit,” he said. “They could argue that the forest had already been cleared by locals and thus could be converted.” (Safrudin declined to name the company, saying he hadn’t been able to verify the allegation.)He said the BRG had asked the Ministry of Environment and Forestry in December to follow up on the findings, but there’s been no response to date. Article published by Hans Nicholas Jong Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored
Kevin Pietersen will play a crucial role for Delhi in the IPL 2014 Total Money Spent(including retention): Rs 60 croreSquad: 23 players including 16 Indian and 7 overseas.Players to watch out for: Kevin Pietersen: Arguably one of the most influential batsmen in limited-overs cricket, Kevin Pietersen will be Delhi’s biggest bet in the IPL this year. Following his bitter fall-out with the ECB recently, Pietersen will be available for the full season – a fact that will surely lift the Daredevils. With over 600 runs and seven wickets in just 21 games, Pietersen is a must-have player in any team. Apart from his off-spinners and batting prowess, Delhi will also benefit from his leadership skills and international experience in the tournament this year.Dinesh Karthik: The second most-expensive player in the IPL auction this year, Dinesh Karthik was notched up by Delhi for a whopping Rs 12.5 crore. Karthik was a livewire, with over 500 runs, for Mumbai Indians in the IPL last year. The right-hander’s ability to read the game and mould his innings accordingly makes him a perfect player for limited-overs cricket. Having been named the vice-captain of Delhi, Karthik will also be responsible to add to the team’s think-tank in the IPL this year.Quinton de Kock: The 21-year-old wicketkeeper batsman is touted to be the next big thing for South Africa. His aggressive batting style at the top-order has been given headaches to some of the best bowlers in limited overs cricket. His recent quickfire innings against Australia in the two T20 internationals couldn’t save the Proteas but surely showcased his batting prowess against a strong opposition. With a strike-rate of over 119 in T20s, de Kock is more than capable of leading the charge for the Daredevils in IPL 7.advertisementMohammed Shami: The 24-year-old speedster has been a terrific find for the Indian team. In a span of just 29 ODIs, Shami has bagged 50 wickets at an average of 28.96. Shami is the first Indian to bowl four or more maiden overs on his ODI debut. The Bengal seamer is more than capable of moving the new ball, but it is the ability to get reverse-swing that has brought him more accolades of late. Shami’s discipline in line and length has made him MS Dhoni’s go-to-bowler in the hour of need for India. Though Shami is yet to prove his mettle in T20 internationals, but expect him to come out with flying colours for Delhi in IPL 7.Ross Taylor: One of the highly experienced and explosive batsmen in limited, Ross Taylor is a natural match-winner for any team. The aggressive top-order batsman is more than capable of taking the game away from the opposition. His ability to play the big shots and building crucial partnerships in the middle makes him an ideal player to have at no. 2 slot. Taylor slammed three consecutive fifties to script New Zealand’s 2-1 ODI-series win over England in 2013. He has also been in terrific form in T20s with over 950 runs with 63 fours and 38 sixes. He will be one of the key players to watch out for in IPL this season.
ALSO READ:CWC 2019- IND vs SA Review: Chahal, Rohit propel the Men In Blue to a winning start Advertisement AdvertisementProbable Starting XIs:South Africa: Quinton de Kock, Hashim Amla, Faf du Plessis, Aiden Markram, R Van Der Dussen, David Miller, Andile Phehlukwayo, Chris Morris, Lungisani Ngidi, Kagiso Rabada, Imran TahirNew Zealand: Martin Guptill, Henry Nicholls, Kane Williamson (c), Ross Taylor, Tom Latham (wk), James Neesham, Colin de Grandhomme, Mitchell Santner, Trent Boult, Matt Henry, Lockie FergusonSouth Africa is on the verge of getting knocked out of the tournament and thus for them, from now on each and every single game is a must win. They have to consider every game as a potential knockout one.While their tournament has been marred by injuries to some key players and the others being massively out of form. However, their fortunes have arguably lightly turned around a bit after registering their first victory in the tournament, over Afghanistan, that too in a dominant fashion.Lungi Ngidi being back to full fitness has also brought more good news for South Africa. South Africa will also be satisfied with Quinton de Kock and even Hashim Amla picking up some form lately.On the other hand, New Zealand is only one of the two teams, the other being India to still remain unbeaten. However, while they have been playing really well, the Kiwis are still to face any real, tough opponents yet. Their match against India was washed out and ended in a no-result.This will be one of New Zealand’s tougher challenges in the tournament. However, this South African team is still short on form and confidence. Thus, going into the game New Zealand must feel confident of a victory and should probably win this.
Related Items:fire truck overturned on runway at airport in GT, flights delayed at JAGS McCartney International Airport yesterday, JMIA closed for hours It was explained to Magnetic Media that the closure of the Grand Turk airport was about two hours long and brought little to no inconvenience as it relates flights and passengers. As for how that truck got onto its side, it is unclear. Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppGrand Turk, TCI, September 6, 2016 – Flights were suspended to and from the JAGS McCartney International Airport yesterday because a fire truck overturned on the runway. One report to us is that one member of the fire crew sprained his wrist.
Liverpool manager Jurgen Klopp revealed they are taking assessing Trent Alexander-Arnold’s fitness on a daily basis ahead of Sunday’s showdown with Manchester UnitedThe English full-back was forced to withdraw in the closing stages of Liverpool’s decisive Champions League victory against Napoli at Anfield on Tuesday night.Arnold remains a doubt for this weekend’s clash against United at Anfield with Joel Matip and Joe Gomez definitely out.“With Trent, it’s not as serious as it is with the other two boys, but of course it is absolutely not top-class news, that’s clear,” said Klopp on the club website.Report: Origi cause Klopp injury concerns George Patchias – September 14, 2019 Divock Origi injury in today’s game against Newcastle is a cause for concern for Jurgen Klopp.Perhaps with one eye on Tuesday’s trip to Italy…“It was unlucky as well, especially with Joel; the last second of the game. When you asked me in the press conference I had no idea about it because I had to go doing different stuff pretty much immediately and I didn’t see him on the pitch because I spoke to Carlo [Ancelotti].“The rehab has already started pretty much, the same for Joe.“Trent, we have to see. For him, it is day by day how we judge it. It’s not cool but as long as we still have enough players, it is our job to always find a solution for it – and we will have a solution for the weekend, but of course, it is not perfect.”The German added that full-back Nathaniel Clyne has been back in training for the last four days and is set to return from injury.
Juventus goalkeeper Wojciech Szczesny says the arrival of Cristiano Ronaldo from Real Madrid last summer has increased the team’s attacking threat.Since joining Juventus in the summer, Portuguese superstar Cristiano Ronaldo has scored 11 goals in 17 appearances, helping the Bianconeri top the Serie A table with seven points after 17 matches.Szczesny believes that Juve only have to focus on being solid at the back since they have a player like Ronaldo up front.Fiorentina owner: “Ribery played better than Ronaldo!” Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Fiorentina owner Rocco Commisso was left gushing over Franck Ribery’s performance against Juventus, which he rates above that of even Cristiano Ronaldo’s.“I think Cristiano’s arrival has helped the team understand that if we do our job at the back, then something will happen up front,” Szczesny told Football Italia after their narrow 1-0 win against AS Roma.“We’ve got forwards like Cristiano Ronaldo, Mandzukic and Paulo Dybala who we know will create something. Therefore, if we remain solid at the back and don’t concede, we usually emerge with three points.“After all, victory means scoring one more goal than the opposition, so 1-0 is worth the same as winning 7-0. It’s true we have a lot of 1-0 wins, but in my view, that is the perfect football result. I’m a goalkeeper, so I’m happy if we don’t concede!”
WILMINGTON, MA — Below is a round-up of what’s going on in Wilmington on Monday, June 18, 2018:Happening Today:Weather: A chance of showers, mainly after 5pm. Increasing clouds and hot, with a high near 97. Heat index values as high as 101. Southwest wind 9 to 16 mph, with gusts as high as 28 mph. Chance of precipitation is 30%. New precipitation amounts of less than a tenth of an inch possible.In The Community: The Wilmington Farmers Market Association is holding a “Dining For A Cause” Fundraiser at the 99 Restaurant (144 Lowell Street) from 4pm to 11pm. Bring this flyer and 15% of your bill will be donated to the Farmers Market. Applies to both dine-on AND take-out orders. (No coupons, discounts or promotions are accepted during the fundraiser.) At the restaurant, Farmers Market organizers will also be raffling off a gift basket that includes some goodies, products from its vendors, and gift certificates to local restaurants and farmers market vendors. Tickets will be $2 each or 3 for $5.In The Community: The Town Beach is open today. Lifeguards are on duty from 10am to 8pm. Admission is FREE for residents. Proof of residency is required. Learn more HERE.At The Library: Suncatcher Art Workshop at 2:30pm. [Learn more and register HERE.]At The Senior Center: Blood Pressure at 9:30am. SBF Exercise at 9:45am. Caregivers Group at 10:30am. Special Exercise at 11am. Wii Bowling at 12:30pm. [Learn more HERE.](NOTE: What did I miss? Let me know by commenting below, commenting on the Facebook page, or emailing email@example.com. I may be able to update this post.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email firstname.lastname@example.org.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedThe Wilmington Insider For June 24, 2018In “5 Things To Do Today”5 Things To Do In Wilmington On Sunday, September 1, 2019In “5 Things To Do Today”The Wilmington Insider For October 21, 2018In “5 Things To Do Today”
.The leaders and activists of BNP’s Chattogram unit on Saturday observed a token hunger strike demanding immediate release of their chairperson Khaleda Zia from jail, reports UNB. The hunger strike was staged in front of the party’s office at Nur Ahmed Road around 10:00am and continued till 1:00pm. During the programme, BNP president of Chattogram city unit Shahadat Hossain said that BNP chairperson Khaleda Zia has been kept behind the bars so that Awami League regime doesn’t face any obstruction. He also said that Khaleda Zia is on the verge of life and death now. The leaders and activists of BNP, Jatiyatabadi Jubo Dal, Jatiotabadi Chatra Dal, Jatiyatabadi Mohila Dal, Jatiyatabadi Sechchasebak Dal and other associated bodies of the party participated in the hunger strike.
Daughter and disciple of (Padmashri) Geeta Chandran, Sharanya has been learning Bharatanatyam from the age of four. She presented her formal solo debut performance, the Arangetram at the age of 13.Sharanya is the Vice President of the Natya Vriksha, an organisation aimed at the preservation and promotion of Indian culture and dance. She is an integral part of Natya Vriksha Dance Company as a senior dancer and choreographer. She also assists with cultural management, curating festivals, events and media outreach. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Sharanya is empanelled with the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) as a solo artiste and is also nationally graded by Doordarshan. Sharanya has performed to diverse audiences in India and overseas across multiple festivals and forums – both as a soloist and in group choreographies as part of the Natya Vriksha Dance Company.Across the years, Sharanya has performed in several major group productions across India’s best festivals such as the Ananya Dance Festival, Parampara festival of the Brahma Gana Sabha, Chennai, 16th National Festival of Creative Arts, Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, Taj Mahotsav, Sankatmochan Music and Dance festival, Ananda Mahotsav, India International Film Fest, Sharad Poornima Festival, Delhi International Arts Festival, National Choreography Festival and more.
Tags: American Airlines, United Airlines Posted by American Airlines follows United with new ‘basic economy’ ticket The Canadian Press << Previous PostNext Post >> Thursday, January 19, 2017 DALLAS — The evolution of a caste system in the economy cabin of jetliners is deepening, with passengers divided and treated differently based on how much they are willing to pay the airline.American Airlines announced Wednesday that passengers will be able to buy “basic economy” tickets starting next month that will be similar to bare-bones fares already offered by Delta Air Lines and soon to be matched by United Airlines.If you want to get the cheapest fare on American or United, you will have to leave that rolling carry-on bag at home. Passengers who pay basic-economy rates on those carriers will be limited to one item that fits under their seat – no wheeled bags that take up space in the overhead bins.American didn’t describe prices for its version of basic economy, which will begin at 10 U.S. airports and later be expanded nationwide and to close international destinations such as the Caribbean.On randomly chosen flights next month on Delta, the basic-economy price ranged from $7 to $25 cheaper than a regular economy ticket. Rick Seaney, CEO of FareCompare.com, said savings can be even higher because Delta tends to try to match prices for Spirit Airlines and Frontier Airlines. But, he said, Delta limits the number of basic-economy seats much the same way that it limits seats available for customers paying with frequent-flier miles.More news: Universal enhances popular Harry Potter vacation package with new perksThe idea behind the stripped-down ticket is to better compete with discount airlines for travellers on a tight budget. Spirit and Frontier go after those customers with cheap fares, then tack on fees for extras including use of the overhead bins.Delta offers basic economy on about 40 per cent of its U.S. routes and plans to cover them all by year-end and expand it to international flights. United officials said Wednesday that they will begin selling a similar ticket by the end of March at one airport, Minneapolis, for travel starting in late spring or early summer, then expand to the rest of the U.S.United President Scott Kirby said basic economy could bring in $250 million in revenue this year.If you buy a basic-economy fare on American, you can expect this:No seat assignment when a ticket is purchased.No upgrades or changes allowed.You will be in the last group to board the plane unless you’re already a high-level member of American’s loyalty program or hold an American-branded credit card.Just a single carry-on item that fits under the seat. Basic-economy customers who bring a big rolling bag to the gate for an American or United flight will get hit with a $25 checked-bag fee and a separate $25 handling charge.More news: Carnival Cruise Line enhances HUB app for families and youthThe big airlines hope that cut-rate fares will win back some of the passengers they are now losing to fast-growing discount carriers. They also aim to try to convince customers to buy more expensive tickets with more flexibility and amenities. Delta says that about half the customers who intend to buy basic economy decide, when presented with options, to trade up.Basic economy is also part of a strategy to boost revenue by slicing and dicing the cabin into several types of seats, a trend called segmentation.On some international flights, Delta sells “premium economy” seats that have more room and a special menu. They cost more than regular economy but much less than business-class. American plans a similar offering this year.Delta’s president, Glen Hauenstein, said recently that such segmentation is in the early stages now but will “deliver significant shareholder value over the next three to five years.” Share